The Difference Between Fusūq [Disobedience], Thulm [Oppression], & Nifāq [Hypocrisy] | Shaykh Sālih bin Fawzān Al-Fawzān

Question: May Allāh treat you well. The questioner asks, “What is the difference between fusūq (disobedience) thulm (oppression) and nifāq (hypocrisy)? And are they combined with one another?

Answer: Fusūq is to leave from the obedience of Allāh, and this is of two types; The fusūq of disbelief and the fusūq of disobedience, which is a disobedience other than disobedience (which does not remove a person from Islām). And nifāq (hypocrisy) also (has two types): the major nifāq of belief; which is to display Islām (outwardly) while concealing disbelief (inwardly) and the nifāq of action which is when a person is a believer but he has some qualities of the hypocrites; like lying when speaking and betraying a promise. These are nifāq of action not of belief. (The nifāq of action) requires that one repents from it and it does not take a person from Islām. Disbelief also has two types: major kufr which takes a person from Islām and minor kufr which does not take a person from Islām. For example (As mentioned in the Hadīth) “And do not return back to kuffār, striking the necks of one another” This is minor kufr of action and not of belief. As killing a soul even though it’s a major sin it doesn’t take one outside the fold of Islām.

Translated by: Abu Anas Atif Hasan:

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