The Story of Ādam (Alayhis Salām) & Iblīs (Shaytān) | Shaykh Sālih bin Fawzān Al-Fawzān
Translation transcribed from: Masjid Tawheed wa Sunnah – http://mtws.posthaven.com/
Transcribed translation in PDF format: https://www.box.com/s/72eeb8d34df1d702cf1d
With the name of Allāh the Most-Gracious the Most-Merciful. All praise belongs to Allāh and may the peace and blessings be upon the Messenger Muhammad and upon his family and those who follow him. As to what follows; the story of Ādam and Iblīs has been repeated over and over in the Noble Qur’ān to serve as a lesson and a reflection as to what occurred in the story of what occurred to Ādam (Alayhis Salām) and what occurred to Iblīs (Shaytān – Satan).
Verily when Allāh Subhāna honoured Ādam and preferred him over the Angels in terms of knowledge and he called him to reside in Paradise, both him and his wife. Iblīs became envious of him and became arrogant towards him. So, when the Angels were commanded to bow down to Ādam as a respect towards him and in obeying the Command of Allāh Subhāna wa Ta’Alā, as bowing down was nothing other than obeying the commandment given to them by Allāh, and it was worship of Allāh. And it contained in it showing a respect to Ādam and to make apparent his nobility and virtue – alayhis salātu wasalām.
Iblīs became arrogant and refused to bow down and he said, “I am better than him. You created me from fire and you created him from clay (or soil).” And he did not know that in reality soil is better than fire because from soil comes good vegetation, it grows and it produces from it and it yields many benefits. As for the fire then it is a destroyer and with Allāh refuge is sought. It (fire) does not produce, rather it only burns. Thus, soil is better than fire. But Iblīs viewed fire as being better than soil and as a result he was proud of his origin despite the fact that boasting about ones origin is not permissible, since boasting is a sign of arrogance. Even when it is comes to worship and prayer the person cannot be arrogant, rather it is upon him to humble himself for Allāh. Do not boast or become arrogant and all of this came from Iblīs.
In addition to this Iblīs did not repent to Allāh Azza wa Jal, rather he used the Divine Decree as an excuse, so he said to his Lord, “Because You have led me astray.” Thus he placed the blame upon Allāh Azza wa Jal for his going astray, and he did not place the blame upon himself nor did he acknowledge his own sins.
As for Ādam (Alayhis Salām) then he acknowledged his sins and he sought forgiveness from his Lord, thus Allāh accepted his repentance. [Ādam and his wife Hawa (Eve)] They said, “O our Lord we have wronged ourselves, if You forgive us not and bestow not upon us Your Mercy we shall surely be of the losers” (al-A’rāf: v.23). [And Allāh] Says, “…Then Ādam received from his Lord words. And his Lord pardoned him (accepted his repentance). Verily, He is the One who forgives (accepts repentance), the Most-Merciful” (al-Baqarah: v.37).
As for Iblīs he did not repent rather he disputed with his Lord Azza wa Jal. And the Divine Decree cannot be used as an excuse for sins and deviance. Rather the Divine Decree can only be used in reference to calamities. Thus, if the person is afflicted with a calamity then he knows this is the decree of Allāh Subhāna wa Ta’Alā, so he remains patient and does not fall apart and he takes himself to account for his sins because no calamity has befallen him except because of him. [As Allāh says,] “Whatever befalls you from calamities it is because of what your hands have earned, and He pardons much” (ash-Shûra: v.30).
And this is what occurred with Ādam (Alayhis Salām), he acknowledged his sin and he sought forgiveness from his Lord and he knew this calamity only befell him due to sin. So he repented to Allāh Azza wa Jal and Allāh accepted his repentance.
And this story is amazing; it proves that whoever repents to Allāh even if his sins are numerous Allāh will accept his repentance. And whoever persists upon sin and does not repent to Allāh and disputes with his Lord using the Divine Decree & Predestination (as an excuse) then Allāh becomes angry with him.
And when Mûsâ (Alayhis Salām) met his father Ādam (Alayhis Salām) he blamed him and said, “Why did you cause us to be expelled from Paradise?” Ādam (Alayhis Salām) disputed with him using the Divine Decree because this was a calamity and it is permissible to use the divine decree in reference to calamities.
As for using the Qādar wal Qadr as an excuse for sins then this is not permissible. This was the condition of Iblis he was the one that used the Qādar wal Qadr as an excuse for sins. As for Ādam (Alayhis Salām) then he acknowledged his sins and he repented, but he used the Qādar wal Qadr with reference to the calamities, it was from Allāh, as Allāh says, “No calamity befalls except by the Will of Allāh. And whoever believes in Allāh then He will guide his heart” (at-Taghābun: v.11).
Al-Qama said concerning this verse, “This is a person who is afflicted by a calamity and he knows that it is from Allāh so he is pleased with it and he submits to the Decree of Allāh.”
Allāh Ta’Alā says, “And give glad tidings to the patient” (al-Baqarah: v.155). “Those when inflicted with a calamity they say, ‘Verily from Allāh we come and to Him we shall return’.” (Al-Baqarah: v.156).
Therefore the believer does not fall apart when a calamity befalls him and he does not become angry, rather he is pleased with the Divine Decree of Allāh and he says, “Verily from Allāh we come and to Him we shall return” (al-Baqarah: v.156). And he knows that whatever befell him was not going to miss him and whatever he missed out on was not going to befall him as was mentioned by the Prophet (Sallallāhu ‘alayhe wa sallam). Thus he does not fall apart nor does he become angry. Rather the person only blames himself and repents to Allāh and he seeks His forgiveness for his sins and he knows that the calamity that befell him is only due to his sins so he repents to Allāh Azza wa Jal and seeks His forgiveness. And whoever repents to Allāh then Allāh will accept their repentance.
And the door of repentance is open until the soul reaches the point where the person begins to choke upon it and this is at the time of death. So, at this time the repentance will not be accepted from the one who repents.
But as long as the person is alive, able and determined to be obedient and to do righteous actions and to repent then the repentance is accepted with Allāh Subhāna.
[As Allāh says,] “And those who when they have committed shameful acts or wronged themselves with evil they remember Allāh and they seek His forgiveness for their sins. And none can forgive sins except for Allāh. And they do not persist in what wrong they have done while they know. For such, the reward is forgiveness from their Lord and Gardens with rivers flowing underneath (Paradise) wherein they shall abide forever. How excellent is the reward for the doers of good” (Āl-‘Imrān: v.135-136).
Allāh Subhāna wa Ta’Alā says, “Whoever does evil or wrongs himself then seeks Allāh’s forgiveness, he will find Allāh to be the All-Forgiver, the Most-Merciful” (An-Nisā’: v.110).
And Allāh Subhāna says, “Allāh only accepts the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and foolishness and repent soon afterwards. It is they whom Allāh will forgive and Allāh is ever the All-Knower, the All-Wise” (An-Nisā’: v.17).
Allāh Subhāna wa Ta’Alā forgives the sins of those who repent. Allāh is the forgiver of sins, the accepter of repentance, the One who is severe in punishment and the One who bestows favours. So, the one who does not repent he has waiting for him a severe punishment. As for the one who repents then he has waiting for him forgiveness and mercy from Allāh Subhāna wa Ta’Alā.
And man is not free from error; he is going to fall into sin. All of you are sinners and the best of the sinners are those who repent. So, the consideration or the point is that the person repents to Allāh.
Do not despair from the Mercy of Allāh, do not say, “He is not going to forgive me, I have a lot of sins, I have a lot of evil deeds.” Thus the person views him being forgiven as unlikely therefore he does not repent to Allāh.
[Allāh says,] “Say: O Ibādī (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allāh: Verily, Allāh forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful. And turn in repentance and in obedience with true Faith (Islāmic Monotheism) to your Lord and submit to Him…” (Az-Zumar: v.53-54).
So it is upon the Muslim to repent to Allāh even if his sins are numerous, even if his sins are great. He cannot despair from the Mercy of Allāh. He cannot lose hope of Allāh’s Mercy. Rather it is upon him to repent to Allāh as Allāh Ta’Alā has opened up the door of repentance for those who repent. He Subhāna wa Ta’Alā descends every night to the lowest heavens (in a manner that befits his Majesty) when there only remains one third of the night and He says, “Is there anyone who asks of Me so that I may give him what he is asking for? Is there anyone seeking my forgiveness so that I may forgive him? Is there anyone who is repenting to Me so that I may accept their repentance?” And this happens every night.
And this time is from the best times to seek forgiveness, but seeking forgiveness should be sought all the time, day and night. And the door of repentance is open and it will not close until the sun rises from the west. The door of repentance is open to the slaves day and night.
And whoever repents to Allāh with sincerity and having a good intention Allāh will accept his repentance and forgive him of his sins and remove his sins.
And repentance is just not with the tongue. Seeking forgiveness is not only with the tongue. Rather when one repents to Allāh it is done with the tongue, the heart and the actions (of the limbs). He repents and he rectifies himself, and he returns to Allāh Azza wa Jal and he rectifies his actions so Allāh will accept his repentance.
Even the disbeliever and the pagan if they repent to Allāh, Allāh will accept their repentance as Allāh Ta’Alā says, “Say to those who have disbelieved, if they ceased from their disbelief the past will be forgiven” (Al-Anfāl: v.38).
Allāh Subhāna wa Ta’Alā forgives those who repent to Him. And repentance wipes away that which came before it. So the person cannot despair or lose hope, rather they must increase in repentance. Every time they sin they must seek forgiveness and they should not say, “I sinned, then I repented, then I returned to the sin again therefore I cannot repent again.” This is from Shaytān. Thus, he must repeat the repentance every time he repeats the sin and seek forgiveness from your Lord Azza wa Jal.
And the person falls into sins and has shortcomings that he is not even aware of. Therefore it is a must that he repents to Allāh and increases in his seeking forgiveness just as the Prophet Sallallāhu ‘alayhe wa sallam used to seek forgiveness very often. And he Sallallāhu ‘alayhe wa sallam said, “O people repent to your Lord because verily I repent to Allāh more than seventy times a day.”
And the Companions would count from him that he would seek forgiveness in one gathering more than one-hundred times saying, “O Allāh I seek Your forgiveness and I repent to You.” And he was the Messenger of Allāh – Sallallāhu ‘alayhe wa sallam.
And man is deficient concerning the Rights of Allāh, so seeking forgiveness and repenting compensates for this deficiency and shortcoming.
Thus, the person must increase in his seeking forgiveness and repenting to Allāh. When he knows that he is sinning he must repent and seek Allāh’s forgiveness with a sincere repentance and follow it up with righteous actions. Those who repent and rectify, meaning they rectify their mistakes and their sins. As for repenting with the tongue only while not rectifying his actions and he does not return or leave off the wrong he is doing then this is the repentance of the liars. We ask Allāh for His Safety and Security. O Allāh accept our repentance, verily You are the All-Forgiver, the Most-Merciful. O Allāh forgive us for verily You are the Forgiver, the One who is full of Mercy. And we ask for Allāh’s peace and blessings to be upon the Messenger of Allāh, his family, his Companions and those who follow them.